ALL ABOUT PARROT FISH: MAN-MADE FISH

Posted by HANGSHAKALI CHAKRABORTY on

12 VARIETIES OF PARROT FISH

TAXONOMIC INFORMATION ON PARROT FISH (MAN-MADE)

  1. Common Name: Parrot Cichlid or Blood Parrot Cichlid
  2. Scientific Name: no scientific name (As Hybrid)
  3. Origin: First developed from Taiwan in 1986
  4. Order: Cichliformes
  5. Family: Cichlidae
  6. Genus: Not available
  7. Varieties:
      1. Red parrot fish
      2. Yellow parrot fish
      3. Blue Tiger parrot fish
      4. Red Tiger parrot fish
      5. Yellow Tiger parrot fish
      6. Santa Claus Parrot Fish
      7. Tango parrot Fish
      8. Red King Kong parrot fish
      9. Yellow King Kong parrot fish
      10. Short Body parrot fish
      11. Heart-shaped parrot fish (unethical)
      12. Tattoo parrot fish (unethical)
  8. Distribution: Introduced throughout the world.
  9. Maximum size: 8 inches (20 cm)
  10. Average lifespan: 10-15 years

WATER QUALITY REQUIREMENT FOR PARROT FISH

  1. Water Type: Freshwater, brackish
  2. Water pH:5-7.5
  3. Water Temperature: 24-28ᵒC
  4. Dissolved Oxygen: >3ppm
  5. Ammonia: <1ppm
  6. Nitrite: <0.1ppm
  7. Nitrate: <1.0ppm
  8. Phosphate: 03-0.04ppm
  9. Redox potential: 4-0.5V (optimum 0.52V at 25ᵒC at 1atm)
  10. FCO2: 1.5-15ppm (optimum is 15ppm)
  11. Total Alkalinity: 50-150ppm
  12. Total Hardness: 30-180ppm
  13. Water quality testing kit: Water Testing Kit
  14. Minimum tank size: 30 gallons (113.6 L) for one parrot fish + 10 gallons (37.8 L) for every additional parrot fish

FEEDING AND NUTRITIONAL REQUIREMENT OF PARROT FISH

  1. Feeding behaviour: Omnivorous
  2. Diet/Feed: Almost all feeds (Good quality prepared food, fish or prawn meal, biscuit, earthworms, blood worms, Tubifex larvae and mosquito larvae, etc.)
  3. Commercial feed:
    1. Hikari Blood Red Parrot with Floating, Fish Food (Mini), 333 g 
    2. Hikari Blood Parrot Pellets, Red, 600 g (Mini)
    3. Taiyo Red Parrot Fish Food, 700 g
    4. Inch Gold Parrot Aquarium Fish Food (400g)
    5. Blood Red Parrot Colour Enhancer and Growth, 1 Kg
    6. Azoo 9 in 1 Enhance Colour Pellet Formula Fish Food (330 ml/125 g)
    7. Optimum Fish Food
    8. Optimum 3 in 1
    9. Taiyo Aini Fish Food
    10. Frozen Blood worms
    11. Frozen Brine Shrimp
  4. Feeding frequency: 2-3 times a day 
  5. Feeding quantity: Satiation level

HABIT AND HABITAT OF PARROT FISH

  1. Light intensity: Low to high
  2. Community behaviour: Aggressive and cannibalistic if underfeeding
  3. Swimming level:  Forms large school
  4. Care Level: Low to medium
  5. Suitable tankmates: 
      1. Apple snail
      2. Plecos
      3. Ghost Fish
      4. Bala Shark
      5. Tiger Shark
      6. Rainbow Shark
      7. Corry Catfish
      8. Convict cichlid
      9. Opaline Gouramis
      10. Yoyo Loaches
      11. Mono Angel
      12. Severums
      13. Giant Danios
      14. Kribs
  6. Suitability with planted aquarium: Due to burrowing habit not recommended
  7. Preferred substratum: Sandy, gravel, bare bottom. All have both pros and cons
  8. Aquarium Hardiness: Hardy fish. However, different varieties have a different range of hardiness.
  9. Swimming zone in Aquarium: move all around

BREEDING AND LARVAL REARING OF PARROT FISH

  1. Breeding season: 
  2. Maturity age: One and half-year
  3. Maturity size: 
  4. Male Character: 
    1. Pear-shaped anal cone
    2. Pointed dorsal and anal fins
  5. Female Character:
    1. Rounded fins
  6. Breeding behaviour: During spawning time, the male will dig a flat spot and female will lay the egg on it
  7. Feeds for Brooders: Good quality prepared food containing egg, soybean flour, vitamins, fish or prawn meal and live feed like an earthworm, blood worms Tubifex larvae etc. Supplementation of feed with Vit E, and tryptophan will improve the performance of the brooders
  8. Breeding mode: Nest builder, however, eggs are often infertile
  9. Minimum Breeding Tank Size: the Long shallow tank is more suitable than the short deep tank
  10. Brooder stocking ration (M:F): 1:1
  11. Spawning time: Early Morning
  12. Artificial breeding technique: 
    1. May be induced through spawnpro and fertile eggs can be seen if females are bred with non-hybrid fish
  13. Fecundity: No fertile eggs are produced
  14. Egg type: non-adhesive
  15. Egg size: No data found
  16. Egg colour: Fertilized eggs are transparent
  17. Immediate action after spawning: They exhibit parental care and both parents need to keep undisturbed with the eggs
  18. Hatching duration and temperature: Within 7 days (under ideal condition)
  19. Yolk sac absorption time: NA
  20. First feeding: As soon as yolk sac is absorbed, they become free swimming, should be fed with infusoria and newly hatched brine shrimp
  21. Spawn preferred food: Artemia larvae, Moina and Daphnia

PARROT FISH DISEASES AND TREATMENT

  1. Bacterial diseases of parrot fish

      1. Fin rot
      2. Tail rot
      3. Dropsy
      4. Mouth Fungus Disease
  2. Treatment of bacteria Diseases of parrot fish

      1. Fin rot: BACTONIL
      2. Tail rot: BACTONIL
      3. Dropsy: BACTONIL
      4. Mouth Fungus Disease: BACTONIL
  3. Parasitic Diseases of parrot fish 

      1. Ich disease
      2. Hexamita/ Hole in the head
      3. Gill fluke
      4. Anchor worm
      5. Argulus
      6. Velvet disease
      7. Tricodiniosis
      8. Coastiasis
  4. Treatment of Parasitic Diseases of parrot fish

      1. Ich disease: RID ALL ANTI-ICH
      2. Hexamita/ Hole in the head: PARACIDOL
      3. Gill fluke: PARACIDOL
      4. Anchor worm: PARACIDOL
      5. Argulus: PARACIDOL
      6. Velvet disease: PARACIDOL
      7. Tricodiniosis: PARACIDOL
      8. Coastiasis: PARACIDOL
  5. Fungal Diseases of parrot fish

      1. Cotton wool disease/Saprolegniasis
      2. Branchiomycosis
      3. Epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS)
  6. Treatment of Fungal Diseases of parrot fish 

      1. Cotton wool disease/Saprolegniasis: MALACHITE GREEN
      2. Branchiomycosis: MALACHITE GREEN
      3. Epizootic ulcerative syndrome (EUS): MALACHITE GREEN
  7. Viral Diseases of parrot fish

      1. Lymphocystis disease
      2. Fish pox
      3. Koi Herpesvirus
  8. Treatment of Viral Diseases of parrot fish

      1. Lymphocystis disease: Not available
      2. Fish pox: Not available
      3. Koi Herpesvirus: Not available

The price range of parrot fish in the market:

Rs 190/- to 4500/- per fish depending on size and variety



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